Informative Essay Topics For Elementary Students

Lets explore the importance of teaching informative/explanatory writing in the classroom. Students need to have the ability to clearly convey concepts and information in their writing. This skill is crucial for communication in future careers and life!

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The primary purpose of informative/explanatory writing is to increase knowledge. When writing an informative/explanatory text, the writer answers questions of why or how. Informative writing educates the reader by imparting straightforward information on a certain topic. Unlike other types of writing, informative writing does not aim to change the reader's thinking or move the reader to take action.



There are a number of ways for students to practice writing informative/explanatory texts. Some of my favorite informative writing assignments are:

  • Basic Paragraph
  • Essay
  • Brochure/Pamphlet
  • Article
  • Interview

Below are two very simple writing assignments you could assign students to work on their informative writing skills. In addition to looking at the ways your students write informative or explanatory texts, you will also have the chance to check that proper nouns are capitalized properly. What a great way to combine writing and grammar!


To assess how well your students write informative/explanatory texts, use calendar holidays as a writing topic. For instance, you might ask students to choose their favorite holiday and explain in writing why they like it the best.

To help students choose a holiday for an explanatory essay, you could provide them with a list. Some common holidays follow:

  • Halloween
  • Thanksgiving
  • Hanukkah
  • Christmas
  • Kwanzaa
  • New Year’s Eve
  • Valentine's Day
  • St. Patrick's Day
  • Easter
  • Fourth of July


Want to be more creative? You can add a twist to the informative essay and provide your students with some lesser-known days of celebration. This would encourage students to do some research and inform their audience. Here are some possible calendar celebrations students could research and write about:

  • Metropolitan Museum of Art Opened in NYC (1872)
  • Jackie Robinson Day
  • World Fish Migration Day
  • Earth Day
  • National Plush Animal Day
  • King Tut Day
  • William Shakespeare's Birthday
  • Transportation Week
  • World Architecture Day



Informative or explanatory writing follows an organized format. Using the anagram INFORM, teachers and students can easily remember the elements of an informative essay. Download a poster to remind your students about the parts of the INFORMative essay!  





Narrative Writing in the Classroom

Persuasive Writing in the Classroom


A List Of Informative Essay Topics For Elementary School Students

An informative essay is a common assignment for elementary school students. Unlike other essay types, this style of writing does not require a thesis statement or an argument. Instead, the informative essay is intended to portray a specific person, place or topic. It includes relevant information and can even have a biographical tone to it.

To get started on this style of writing, students need to first choose a topic. Students should select a topic that they are interested in, and they should also look for a topic that is fairly easy to research. The following list of informative essay topics is intended to help elementary students get a head start on their assignment.

Informative Essay Topics for Elementary School Classes

  1. Life During the Great Depression
  2. How Volleyball Works
  3. The Impact of Nasil Yazilir
  4. Becoming a Vegetarian
  5. What Is a Computer Virus?
  6. How a Yo-Yo Works
  7. The Sinking of the Titanic
  8. The Great Wall of China
  9. The Holocaust and World War II
  10. The Dangers of Tanning
  11. How to Play Tennis
  12. The History of Snowboarding
  13. Basic Guide to the History and Rules of Ultimate Frisbee
  14. What Is a Puppy Mill?
  15. Dealing With Stress
  16. The Creation of the Game of Soccer
  17. The Civil Rights Movement and Racism
  18. Switching to Healthy Foods: Obesity and School Lunches
  19. What It Means to Be Poor
  20. What Makes a School a School?
  21. The Problems Caused by Bullies in Elementary Schools
  22. The Benefits of Recycling
  23. What Is Plastic Surgery?
  24. The Food Pyramid and Nutritious Eating Habits
  25. Techniques for Dealing With Peer Pressure
  26. The Life and Times of George Washington
  27. The Making of a Black Hole
  28. Abraham Lincoln and the Civil War
  29. The History of the Christmas Tree
  30. The Story Behind Halloween
  31. What Is Sown Syndrome?
  32. From Coffee Beans to a Cup of Joe: How Coffee Is Made

Students can use the previous list of ideas to help come up with a topic for their own writing. Each idea that is included on this list can be modified or adjusted to suit the student's English class. Sometimes, the best ideas are thought of by the student alone. To do this, students should sit down with a piece of paper and a pencil. Once the student has thought of the perfect topic, they can begin researching and writing the informative essay. For the best grade on the assignment, students should also make sure that they thoroughly edit their work before they turn it in to the teacher.





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